Symphony is laying out a playbook for how dominant networks can be unbundled and supplanted.
The most prevalent criticism of SoulCycle is that it is a cult, but this is perhaps the highest compliment for a business built on network effects.
After decades of dominating the financial data market through strong network effects, the Bloomberg Terminal may be facing some serious competition from its own community of users.
For almost 15 years the success of Apple’s devices and iTunes services has been primarily based on indirect network effects. Now the rapid growth of music streaming services shifts the focus towards direct network effects.
PlayStation leverages a strong mobilization strategy to quickly capture network effects against Xbox
DogVacay's multi-sided platform connects dog owners and sitters, and eliminates the need for expensive and unnatural kennels.
Spotify leveraged network effects to gain a massive user base, and amass (almost) the entirety of the world's popular music collection. Now the company is seeking to capture value from its users, which as it turns out are the ones that pay $9.99 per month for a premium subscription. But the incentive system between the company and its users is broken.